I think that's probably true, although I'd been making links here rather than to aleatory music because "aleatoric" was a more familiar term to me. I think that in a musical context "aleatoric" is more common than "aleatory" although in other contexts, this isn't so , so I'm going to leave the article here, and make "aleatory music" a redirect. Why can't it just be redirected to "stochastic music" of which there is no article despite the "see also section, which just links to the "stochastic" article. Any effort to pin the "invention" of aleatoric music down to one person is probably doomed to failure. What aleatoric techniques did Brant use, exactly, and when? The article cites various "early" examples of this genre from the 's, yet the article for Alan Hovhaness, specifically with regard to his piece Lousadzak, which debuted in , is not mentioned. Wouldn't it be more accurate to cite the earliest examples? Actually aleatoric means new music, so i guess catsup is the new ketchup - I'm not an expert in this, by any means, but shouldn't there be a section about popular music which has some aleatoric elements?
John Milton Cage Jr. September 5, — August 12, was an American composer, music theorist , artist, and philosopher. A pioneer of indeterminacy in music , electroacoustic music , and non-standard use of musical instruments , Cage was one of the leading figures of the post-war avant-garde. Critics have lauded him as one of the most influential composers of the 20th century. The content of the composition is not "four minutes and 33 seconds of silence," as is often assumed, but rather the sounds of the environment heard by the audience during performance. Cage was also a pioneer of the prepared piano a piano with its sound altered by objects placed between or on its strings or hammers , for which he wrote numerous dance-related works and a few concert pieces. The best known of these is Sonatas and Interludes — His teachers included Henry Cowell and Arnold Schoenberg —35 , both known for their radical innovations in music, but Cage's major influences lay in various East and South Asian cultures. Through his studies of Indian philosophy and Zen Buddhism in the late s, Cage came to the idea of aleatoric or chance-controlled music, which he started composing in
Chancelor Johnathan Bennett born April 16, , known professionally as Chance the Rapper , is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer, activist, actor, and philanthropist. He began to gain mainstream recognition in after releasing his second mixtape, Acid Rap. It earned him three Grammy Awards , including the award for Best Rap Album ; upon winning, it became the first streaming -only album to win a Grammy Award, and peaked at number eight on the Billboard Alongside his solo career, Chance the Rapper is a member of the Chicago collective Savemoney , and is the vocalist for the band the Social Experiment; they released the album Surf in May , led by trumpeter Nico Segal. Chancelor Jonathan Bennett was born in Chicago , Illinois. Bennett's interest in music began with Michael Jackson , who he exclusively listened to on cassettes until the fifth grade. After finding out the song was on West's debut album The College Dropout , Bennett purchased the album, making it the first hip-hop album that Bennett listened to.
Keyboard player Jon Mulligan was killed by a drunk driver in on the way home from one of the group's local Texas concerts. Keyboardist Clay Hemphill filled the duty on the keys from to during the transition years from "Chance" to "Jeff Chance". Bill Hafer retired in to pursue his custom flight case business, "Hafer Case". Fred Rice bass came aboard, but left a year later. Darrell Jozwiak filled the role as bass guitarist from until the band played their last gig together in October From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Archived from the original on